In the framework of Third World Conference on Child Labour (Brazil, October 2013), a group of Latin American and Caribbean countries commitment themselves to accelerate the pace of reduction of child labour in the region and overcome the stagnation registered by the indicator. Thus emerged the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Initiative child labour, a platform for intergovernmental action with technical support from the Regional Office of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), who was entrusted with the Technical Secretariat by the countries of the Regional Initiative.
In December 2013, the first meeting of the driving group was held, resulting in the development of the Framework Document defining the objectives, results and lines of action of the Regional Initiative. This document was sent to 33 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, inviting them to join the Regional Initiative and to appoint a focal point to assist in the coordination of its implementation.
In September 2014, in Brasilia, the First Meeting of Focal Points of the Regional Initiative was held with the participation of 24 countries of the region, resulting in the agreement of the Work Plan 2014-2015, the operational structure of the Initiative, priority areas of intervention –that later became acceleration factors–, and the draft of the Declaration on the Establishment of the Regional Initiative. This meeting saw the joining to the Initiative of employers’ and workers’ organizations through four regional representatives from each group.
In October 2014, in Lima, at the 18th American Regional Meeting of the ILO, the ministers of labour from 24 countries signed the Declaration on the Establishment of the Regional Initiative. Subsequently, the document was signed by Haiti, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Antigua and Barbuda, reaching 30 member countries to date.
In July 2015, the Regional Initiative held the First Roundtable on South - South cooperation to accelerate the reduction of child labour. The meeting was attended by 22 focal points and 12 representatives from international cooperation agencies from the countries part of the Initiative, and 82 agreements were reached, as follows: 60 expressions of interest; 17 pledges of commitment and 5 announcements of agreement regarding the acceleration factors (indigenous communities, education, agriculture, value chains, migration, youth employment, decentralization and new information technologies). The same meeting saw the adoption of the Second Work Plan 2015-2016 of the Regional Initiative.